Writings of Sikkim since 2007

Tuesday, December 25, 2007

BILINGUAL CALENDER LAUNCHED IN JORETHANG

JORETHANG, December 23: The one-leaf 2008 calendar featuring the first Kirat King Yallambar dating back to 400 BC and set on the backdrop of Mount Khangchendzonga along with the images of men and womenfolk attired in their traditional dress during a Rai festival and printed both in Bantawa script and in English was unveiled at a ceremony today morning at Baiguney Rodung Khim in Jorethang.

Minister for the State Rural Management Development Department, KN Rai launched the chic, artistic calendar amidst a thunderous applause.

The calendar priced at Rs 50 each has been designed and printed by Ashit Rai, one of the active members of Akhil Kirat Rai Sangh youth wing.

One of the chief reasons behind printing the calendar was to accumulate funds for the smooth functioning of the youth wing committee which, according to Ashit Rai is still in its nascent phase as far as its monetary aspect is concerned.

“By doing so, the youths of Rai community can prove our worth that we are not dependent on any higher authorities for financial support and that we can manage the same with ease and without hesitation, he said. It is the responsibility of every youth to come forward with resourceful initiatives for the development of the community. It would be better if they can come up with research work on Rai language and literature through books, periodicals, music albums and others which would definitely go a long way towards generating the requisite awareness on the significance of one’s own rich cultural heritage, Mr. Rai opined.

Both the chief guest and the guest of honour KB Chamling, chief whip of the Sikkim Democratic Front applauded Ashit Rai for the venture.

Besides, a coordination meeting of the Central Executive Committee to Akhil Kirat Rai Sangh (AKRS) was also held wherein the members highlighted on the ongoing construction of Rodung Khim (Place of Worship), which will be completed by May next year to coincide with the Sakewa festival. The meeting also informed of the Sangh’s participation in the forthcoming Maghey Mela celebrations by way of installing the traditional food stall, traditional Rai house and showcasing the cultural heritage of the Rai community through colourful cultural dance and songs in particular by the Mangpas (the Rai priests).

The Sangh has also planned to organize free coaching classes for aspiring state civil services examinees and for students appearing for their board examinations.

Likewise for the youths interested in availing higher level of education as high as PhD, the Sangh will sponsor the requisite expenses and also for those all set to take up career oriented courses in journalism, information technology, industry, fashion designing and management to name a few.

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Friday, December 21, 2007

India Overturns Law Banning Women Bartenders


Anushika Pradhan tending bar at the Dublin Pub in the Maurya Sheraton Hotel in New Delhi, India.

NEW DELHI — Yet another British-era law has been toppled like a drunk from a bar stool, in a change that gives women the freedom to make a living mixing the perfect cosmopolitan.

In overturning a 1914 law that prohibited women from tending bar here in the capital, the Supreme Court of India this month not only raised a glass to changing social mores in this country, but also gave Indian women access to one of the most lucrative jobs in the new economy.

Prosperity has resulted in the proliferation of trendy bars across urban India and, as upscale as some of them are, with a glass of Bordeaux costing as much as a laborer’s weekly wage, drinking in the minds of middle-class Indians is beginning to lose its whiff of vice and danger.

On any given night, in any fashionable barroom in big-city India, women can be seen drinking merrily — sometimes even without the company of men.

Alongside annual restaurant guides, there are now guides to bars. Time Out magazine reviews bars in Mumbai and Delhi, which would not be such a big deal were it not in India, where until a generation ago, going out for a drink was considered the preserve either of the very rich, who could afford private clubs, or of the ne’er-do-well, venturing out to a rough-and-tumble saloon.

Indeed, a hotel management student named Aditi Soni, 20, said even her grandmother, a schoolteacher, had come around to the idea that working in a fancy hotel, with a fancy bar, was not such a bad idea for a woman.

A bartender, Ms. Soni has pointed out to her elders, can easily rake in more than $1,000 a month, which is more than triple the salary of a call center worker, for instance, or that of a waitress at a high-end restaurant.

She had originally considered bartending as a career, but chose to study restaurant management instead after realizing that it was illegal in Delhi for a woman to tend bar. This week, Ms. Soni saluted the court ruling with a big, broad smile, and said she was glad for the new opportunities.

“It’s lucrative, in the money sense and the fun sense,” she said. “It’s very happening. It’s an action-packed job.”

And yet, the stir over who can work as a bartender signals an abiding ambivalence over the subject of alcohol — and women serving it. Each of India’s 29 states has its own laws governing the sale of alcohol, and many, to varying degrees, restrict women working behind the bar.

In Mumbai, for instance, India’s entertainment capital, women are prohibited from working in bars past 8:30 p.m., a law so rarely enforced that Shatbhi Basu, a celebrity bartender who is the host of a drinking show on television and teaches a bartending course, was not quite sure when women were supposed to clock out. Many employers ignore the 8:30 p.m. law, she said, but afford their employees safety precautions, like sending them home in a company car.

Nor do the city police seem to enforce another charmingly antiquated regulation that requires drinkers to present a doctor-certified permit that declares them medically in need of drink.

In Chennai and Bangalore, two of India’s high-tech capitals, bars — which usually crawl with young people — are supposed to close by 11 and 11:30 p.m., but often do not.

In any case, Ms. Basu pointed out, few women tend bar anywhere in India, and she did not expect the court ruling to compel women to join the profession in large numbers. In her bartending course, women remain rare.

“It’s not about the court; it’s about the family you come from,” contended Ms. Basu, 48, who began tending bar in 1981. “Girls want to. At the end of the day it’s the family that rules. It’s all about the honor of the family — what will happen, will you be able to get married, all that stuff.”

The Hotel and Restaurant Association for western India, which includes Mumbai, formerly Bombay, is considering an appeal to its state government to relax the 8:30 p.m. rule. The Supreme Court ruling does not directly bear on other state laws governing the sale of alcohol.

The Supreme Court ruling was prompted by a lawsuit filed by the Hotel and Restaurant Association, an industry group, in Delhi. The government had justified the law on the grounds that working late hours was potentially dangerous for women.

After the Delhi High Court ruled against the law, a private citizen took it up to the Supreme Court, where lawyers defending the law cited the case of Jessica Lall, a model-turned-bartender who was shot and killed at an exclusive restaurant here in 1999 after she refused to serve a demanding patron.

In its verdict this month, the Indian Supreme Court cited a United States Supreme Court case deriding what it called “‘romantic paternalism’ which, in practical effect, put women, not on a pedestal, but in a cage.”

If women could work as police officers and chief executives, the court opined, how could the law keep them from tending bar? The justices called the 1914 law “invidious discrimination perpetrating sexual differences.”

For Anushika Pradhan, 25, who came to Delhi a few years ago from a small northeastern city called Gangtok, the court ruling meant finally coming out of the bartending closet. For nearly six months, while working as a hostess at a five-star hotel coffee shop, she had been learning the craft in secret downstairs at a pub called Dublin.

The day after the court rendered its ruling, Ms. Pradhan, dressed in a black pantsuit, was behind the bar, tugging at the beer tap, fixing whiskey and sodas and smiling self-consciously for all those who recognized her. She had been anointed by local news media as the capital’s first female bartender.

“Hey you were on TV!” one man exclaimed. Another, inebriated, tried to lean over the bar a few times before security guards urged him along to his room.

Wrestling was being broadcast on the flat-screen televisions on either end of the bar, with one man holding another’s head between his knees.

One of the waiters summoned Ms. Pradhan and returned a cosmopolitan that she had just made. “Too strong,” was the customer’s verdict. Ms. Pradhan looked befuddled.

“Too strong?” she asked, and added a dash of soda.

Saher Mahmood contributed reporting.

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/21/world/asia/21india.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&hp

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Swar Sikkim shortlists 11 participants out of 60 for quarter final round

NAMCHI, December 20: Eleven contestants have been shortlisted for the quarter final of the Swar Sikkim Bal Tara competition to be held tomorrow here at the Community Hall.

In the first audition of the talent hunt show held today, at least 60 children had participated.

The inaugural ceremony was attended by Padmashree Sanu Lama as the chief guest.

Appreciating the Swar Sikkim team in their endeavour to expose the hidden singing talents amongst the children in the State, he urged parents and guardians to motive their wards in the field of music. “It will also accustom children to perform in stage with confidence, he said.

Chunilal Ghimirey, a noted artist and writer highlighted the aims and objectives of the programme, which is in fact the first of its kind in Sikkim.

The eleven quarter finalists are Romani Sharma, Animesh Chtteri, Phurba Tamang, Mahesh Subba, Anup Chettri, Amarjit Baitha, Sidhart Shilal, Manisha Sharma, Paljor Lepcha, Riya Pradhan and Mingma Sherpa.
The audition for the West District will be held on December 23 at Gyalshing Community hall.

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Thursday, December 20, 2007

Awards given to 20 schools in India for best environmental practices

New Delhi: Located in a small hamlet in Boormajra in Punjab’s Ropar district, a government school was adjudged as India’s greenest school second time in a row. The second and third prizes went to Government Secondary School, Daramdin, Sikkim and Apeejay School, Pitampura, New Delhi respectively.

At a ceremony here in New Delhi on December 17, Prof Krishna
Award ceremony / Photo credit: CSE
Award ceremony / Photo credit: CSE
Kumar, director, National Council for Educational Research and Training gave Green School Awards 2007 to all 20 schools short-listed from all over the country.

Gobar Times Green School Programme (GSP) was started last year by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a non-profit organisation. Explaining the reason behind starting the programme, Sunita Narain, director, CSE said: “We started this programme because we very strongly believed that the environmental issue was going to be absolutely critical in India and that this issue would determine the future of our country.”

A school girl / Photo credit: CSE
A school girl / Photo credit: CSE
With this objective in mind, the CSE team went about helping teachers and students to take stock of environment and natural resource management within schools, suggest steps to improve performance, ensure implementation of these steps for a better school habitat and more environmentally aware and involved school community.

Prof Krishna Kumar appreciated the efforts of the CSE in launching this kind of a programme, which, according to him, was now transforming itself into a movement. “It has an enormous potential to create hope and combat cynicism which you find very widespread today given the fact that there is so big a crisis facing us,” he said.

“The kind of enthusiasm that I see around me is symbolic of much larger energy, which this programme has triggered,” he added.

GSP coordinator Sumita Dasgupta pointed out towards the remarkable achievement of the programme in such a short span of time. She informed that from 1,200 schools last year, the number of schools covered under the programme had gone up to 3,500 this year.

Not only that, the training of teachers went up from 300 to 600 and the urban-rural ratio tripled during this period. Increasing participation of government-run schools in both rural and urban areas suggested that environment as an issue of concern was coming out of the fold of elitism, she added.

Applauding the performance of the Boormajra school, the
A street play in progress / Photo credit: CSE
A street play in progress / Photo credit: CSE
statement released by the CSE reads: “The students and teachers [here] have outdone themselves. The award has gone to it because the school has been able to grasp the real message that the GSP seeks to promote: it is actually practicing sustainable use of natural resources and constantly looking out for new and more innovative ways of managing them. The school has now set up a rainwater harvesting system with the help of funds from the state
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Wednesday, December 19, 2007

Jeopardizing Environment,


People’s Culture, Religion
And Food Security In Sikkim

By Tara Dhakal

19 December, 2007
Countercurrents.org

Can one’s religion and culture be bidded? Can Dzongu (a pilgrimage for Lepcha indigenous tribes) be bidded to private businessmen for hydropower? It is like bidding Mecca (Muslim pilgrimage), Badrinath/Jagannath (Hindu pilgrimage), and Vatican (Christian) for private businessmen/industries.

Our constitution guarantees us the fundamental right of “Freedom of Religion” and building a hydropower in Dzongu is to deny Lepcha’s their fundamental rights. If hydropower corporate agenda, privatizations or capitalists ideas is valued more than our constitutional guarantee then why do we need such constitution or are even asked to abide by it? If development is for the rich and the powerful and based on greed or unethical means then we renounce development.

It is so simple for our policy makers (both State and Central government) to convince us by telling that they are bringing us development through hydro power. The default option rationale that is provided to us as follows; it will help to generate local employment, generate revenue for the state, continuous supply of electricity in our households etc. etc. In other words, it is a greed based development that they are preaching and imposing on us that goes against our mandate. For us development is humanitarian that values our natures, culture, religion and beliefs that provides peace and security not only for us but for our future generations. Preserving the sanctity of Dzongu and Sikkim is true development and security that our “people’s mandate” preach.

Our food security is being severely threatened when fertile lands the “byasi” (near to the river banks) has been allotted as economic zones for industries for private businessmen from outside Sikkim. “ Byasi” is the most fertile lands that Sikkim has and converting that into industries is like making us worse than a beggar that we always rely on outsiders to buy our food and satisfy our hunger. Already people of Sikkim are suffering from dependency syndrome brought about by the welfare policies of the government and our political leaders. The kind of industrial development that is being pushed in Sikkim through Byasi reconversion to industrial zones is like sowing the seed of privatization disaster that now everything is being put up for sale. The profit of “so called” industrial development will go into the hands of few (private corporations) and we the people of Sikkim will be forced to bear the negative consequences of environmental degradation and disaster, influx of outsiders, crimes and theft and food insecurity brought as a dowry by these development pimps (corporations/privatizations).

Policy makers are blinded now in magic chairs (that we gave) by not following people’s mandate but to make money (from commissions that they receive from these corporations/private businesses) and no sooner they will become common man/woman like as we are now ( the powerless) it will be too late. The situation can be much worse than anticipated now.

Our mandate of electing our policy makers was based on the premise that our development will be based on humanitarian values that do not violate our fundamental rights, our right to livelihood and security, our right over our resources, our human rights or which respects our cultural heritage. Development for us is about our food, water, environmental, political, cultural security and most important a security judged from a humanitarian perspective.

To conclude, this is to remind our policy makers (both central and state governments) people’s mandate which they seem to have forgotten while enjoying in their hot chairs that mandates them to make decisions in people’s interests and not corporate interests. They should protect our security that lies in our cultural heritage, natural resources, linking closely with nature and culture which is valued by us as true development, a concept that is based on sustainability with our mother earth.

Note: To know more about the struggle of Dzongu and indigenous Lepcha's please visit weepingsikkim.blogspot.com

Tara Dhakal is a social worker, activist and researcher from Sikkim, India dedicated to bring out issues from excluded state of India, Sikkim in an effort to mainstream our struggle.

http://www.countercurrents.org/dhakal191207.htm
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Tuesday, December 18, 2007

8-day workshop for physically handicapped

STAFF REPORTER
Gangtok:
Sikkim Viklang Sahayata Samiti (SVSS) at Zero Point, in collaboration with Bhagwan Mahabir Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS) of Jaipur, is holding an eight-day long workshop, December 17 to 24, to provide artificial limbs and caliper free of cost to the physically handicapped. The workshop, supported by state Health Department, was inaugurated on Monday by Mr. GM Gurung, Minister of Human Resource Development Department (HRDD). Mr. NK Pradhan, MLA, Gangtok, Mr. SK Sarda, President of Sikkim Chamber of Commerce, Miss Draupadi Ghimiray, President of SVSS, Mr. Subha Narayan Das from Asha Bhawan Centre, Kolkata, and technicians from BMVSS, were present, among others.
Till afternoon on the day, at least 15 physically handicapped persons (male and female) from Timi Tarku, Lingdong Subuk and adjoining places got benefit from the workshop being provided necessary artificial limbs and calipers.To take benefit of the workshop, physically handicapped people from all over the state and other places like Kalimpong, Kurseong and Darjeeling have been invited.
Mr. GM Gurung in his address said that “everyone has disability and handicap” of one kind or the other. “We should observe the capability” of a person rather than his or her physical state, he said. Speaking on the occasion, Miss Draupadi said, physically handicapped people of Sikkim had to go to Jaipur for the required facilities and experience much inconvenience.
But since the inception of SVSS in the year 2001 they have been relieved. SVSS has been doing its best for the welfare of physically handicapped people. “The physically handicapped people are actually capable in different ways”, said Mr. Das.

http://sikkimreporter.com/



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School from Daramdin is the second greenest school in Sikkim

NEW DELHI: A government school at Boormajra in Punjab’s Ropar district, a rural school in a remote corner of Sikkim and one school each from Delhi and Noida have been adjudged the “greenest” in the country by the Centre for Science and Environment.

These schools were conferred the Green Schools Awards-2007 at a ceremony organised here on Monday. The awards -- being given out since 2006 under CSE’s Green Schools Programme -- were presented this year by National Council for Education Research and Training (NCERT) director Krishna Kumar.

The top award this year was bagged by the Government School at Boormajra for the second time. In 2006, the school had beaten all other contenders in the race by presenting remarkably precise audit documents. The data also reflected the effort that the school community -- with limited resources -- had made in managing its water. The school was reusing almost 50 per cent of the spillage from taps to irrigate the school grounds.

“In 2007, the students and teachers of Boormajra have outdone themselves. They have produced minutely detailed information, not only on water, but on land, air and energy, as well. The award has gone to it because the school has been able to grasp the real message that the Green Schools Programme seeks to promote,” said Sumita Dasgupta, Coordinator of CSE’s Green Schools Programme.

The awards have been instituted to help students understand and practise sustainable use of natural resources and look out for new and more innovative ways of managing them.

Added Ms. Dasgupta: “The winner this year has truly played the role of a model green school, proving beyond doubt that plentiful resources or elitist status are not the ingredients that make true leaders.”

The second position has gone to the Government Secondary School at Daramdin in Sikkim.

Meanwhile, of the six short listed schools in Delhi, Apeejay School in Pitampura has emerged on top. It has bagged the overall third position as well as top spot in the Best Students’ Team Category. The school’s team has earned the honours for its meticulously prepared biodiversity register -- which is a feat in itself considering the school’s location in extremely crowded West Delhi.

Vishwa Bharati Public School in Noida has received the Best Teachers’ Team Award.

Under the Green Schools Programme, schools across the country carry out a rigorous self-audit on environmental practices within their own premises, following a set of guidelines outlined in CSE’s Green Schools manual. The schools have used the manual in their environmental studies programmes and as an activity in the eco-clubs.

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School from Daramdin is the second greenest school in Sikkim

NEW DELHI: A government school at Boormajra in Punjab’s Ropar district, a rural school in a remote corner of Sikkim and one school each from Delhi and Noida have been adjudged the “greenest” in the country by the Centre for Science and Environment.

These schools were conferred the Green Schools Awards-2007 at a ceremony organised here on Monday. The awards -- being given out since 2006 under CSE’s Green Schools Programme -- were presented this year by National Council for Education Research and Training (NCERT) director Krishna Kumar.

The top award this year was bagged by the Government School at Boormajra for the second time. In 2006, the school had beaten all other contenders in the race by presenting remarkably precise audit documents. The data also reflected the effort that the school community -- with limited resources -- had made in managing its water. The school was reusing almost 50 per cent of the spillage from taps to irrigate the school grounds.

“In 2007, the students and teachers of Boormajra have outdone themselves. They have produced minutely detailed information, not only on water, but on land, air and energy, as well. The award has gone to it because the school has been able to grasp the real message that the Green Schools Programme seeks to promote,” said Sumita Dasgupta, Coordinator of CSE’s Green Schools Programme.

The awards have been instituted to help students understand and practise sustainable use of natural resources and look out for new and more innovative ways of managing them.

Added Ms. Dasgupta: “The winner this year has truly played the role of a model green school, proving beyond doubt that plentiful resources or elitist status are not the ingredients that make true leaders.”

The second position has gone to the Government Secondary School at Daramdin in Sikkim.

Meanwhile, of the six short listed schools in Delhi, Apeejay School in Pitampura has emerged on top. It has bagged the overall third position as well as top spot in the Best Students’ Team Category. The school’s team has earned the honours for its meticulously prepared biodiversity register -- which is a feat in itself considering the school’s location in extremely crowded West Delhi.

Vishwa Bharati Public School in Noida has received the Best Teachers’ Team Award.

Under the Green Schools Programme, schools across the country carry out a rigorous self-audit on environmental practices within their own premises, following a set of guidelines outlined in CSE’s Green Schools manual. The schools have used the manual in their environmental studies programmes and as an activity in the eco-clubs.

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Police discloses that Siliguri Dalals and touts are making their prey to the educated girls of the hills for brothels

Siliguri:,17 Dec: A girl working in a call girl centre here became the victim of Dalals who was sold at Pune. Despite being educated and conscious, the girl was falsely given the fake form of a call centre at Pune and asked her to appear for interview there. The Dalals also arrange to talk to the employer telephonically. Believing that she would get handsome salary, she left Siliguri and went to Pune but she was sold in the brothel and she knew the truth only after she was sold. However, she managed to inform in her house about the truth and Siliguri Police managed to rescue the girl and she narrated the whole story. Earlier, police rescued two girls of Sikkim from Pune. There are many missing girls from Sikkim and Darjeeling and it is doubted that most of them might have been sold in the brothel. Two girls as shown in the picture are missing since some month ago from Lapchey Busty, Badamtam, Dajeeling. They are Jamuna Subba and Sangita Rai who have been last seen with Binay Tamang of Siliguri. Binay is arrested by Police but two girls are still missing and the parents have apprehended that they have been sold in the brothels too.

Siliguri Police have warned the parents of the hill that they must not send their daughters to call centre and any such private organization without police verification. Most of the advertisement of job opportunities appeared in the newspapers also are fake, therefore the girls and boys must apply only after thoroughly cross examining and verifying the truth. If any one has doubt about the existence and modus operandi of such establishment, they can make query in the police immediately, but even the educated girls and boys become fools at the hands of such dalal who crafts their black plan so tactfully that no one can ever doubt them.

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Sunday, December 16, 2007

CBSE Sample questions


Sample Question papers can be downloaded from the CBSE site..link is here on the right side.You need Adobe Reader to read it after downloading.
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Chief Minister Chamling declares the year 2008


Gangtok,13 Dec: The Ruling Sikkim Democratic Front Party observed the Government formation day on December 12, 2007 at its head quarter here. Addressing the party workers, Party President and Chief Minister Chamling said that the year 2008 is declared as the year of 'discharge your responsibility year.' He appealed all his party workers and the people to work and discharge their duty for the development of the State and take all the opportunities being generated in the State.

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Troops for China border

image Amidst reports of intrusions by Chinese forces into Bhutan, India has made a move that is reflecting its unease on the eastern front border.

Six thousand troops have been stationed near the Nathu La Pass close to the tri junction of India, Bhutan and China.

The army says these troops belonging to the 27 Mountain Division were pulled out from Kashmir in the past three to four months.

The Army chief has played it down the new deployment. General Deepak Kapoor, Chief of Army Staff, says the reports of intrusions near Sikkim are a matter between China and Bhutan.

While the Army chief maybe keen to stay away from what is essentially a diplomatic row, the past few years have seen several violations of the international border with Chinese incursions being reported from Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim.
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Rahul concerned over power projects

image GANGTOK, Dec. 12: Congress leader Mr Rahul Gandhi has assured the agitating Lepcha’s of Dzongu, Sikkim and Darjeeling, of sending a fact finding team to look into the controversial power projects proposed at Dzongu, a site considered sacred by the Lepcha community.

Members of several Lepcha organisations from Sikkim and Darjeeling met Mr Gandhi in New Delhi and claimed of having gained his support in favour of their protest.

In dharna for two days at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi protesting against the implementation of the mega hydel projects coming up at Dzongu in North Sikkim, the agitators said: “we met Mr Rahul Gandhi along with other MP's and party leaders and submitted a memorandum on the matter. He assured us of taking it seriously,” claimed Mr Dawa Lepcha, general secretary of the Affected Citizen of Teesta, the organisation that is opposing the setting up of the projects at Dzongu.

“Mr. Gandhi has assured us of sending a fact-finding team to Sikkim for a survey soon and the team would submit its report to him,” he added.

The Joint Action Committee for Dzongu comprising the members of Concerned Lepchas of Sikkim, Sanga of Dzongu, Indigenous Lepcha Tribal Association from Kalimpong, Darjeeling Lepcha Association including Affected Citizen of Teesta have been agitating in New Delhi.
The team also met Mr Mani Shankar Aiyer, Union minister for panchayati raj cum minister for Directorate of North East Region (DoNER). “But he made it clear that electricity was a state subject and it depended on the state government how it dealt with it," said Mr Tenzing Gyatso Lepcha general secretary of CLOS. They also met the Planning Commission officiwho assured to visit Dzongu and access the situation.

According to the agitators, they attended a meeting at JNU where the response was positive. "Well known human rights lawyer Nandita Haksar promised to mobilise support for our agitation in New Delhi,” claimed Dorjee T Lepcha president ILTA.

The agitators are planning to intensify their stir with support from groups of the north east and West Bengal. “The Joint Action Committee would also approach the Indigenous People's Forum in the UN soon in context of Indigenous People's Rights,” said Mr Ajuk Tamsangmo, chief coordinator of ILTA. “An independent team comprising of journalists, intellectuals, environmentalists, social activists would visit Sikkim especially Dzongu to study the issue and build up support for the movement,” he added.
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CBI FILES DETAILED REPORT BEFORE SC ON SUBBAS CITIZENSHIP

New Delhi, December 11: The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Monday submitted its probe report to the Supreme Court on the citizenship issue of Congress parliamentarian from Assam Mani Kumar Subba after dilly-dallying on the matter for nearly a year.
The CBI submitted its report in a sealed cover to the bench of Chief Justice K.G. Balakrishnan and Justice R.V. Raveendran. The bench will decide later whether to make the report public.
The CBI had begun the probe into the citizenship of the Assam lottery baron on the directions of the apex court. The court had issued the direction, while adjudicating a public interest lawsuit questioning Subba's citizenship.
The petition had been filed by Noida resident Birendra Nath Singh, who had alleged that the Lok Sabha MP from Tezpur was a Nepalese citizen and had come to India after a murder case was registered against him there in the early 1970s.
Subba's counsel Abhishek Manu Singhvi contended before the bench that the MP has been in politics for years and such allegations have been made against him on several occasions without any basis.
On earlier hearings, the apex court had expressed displeasure over the CBI lethargy in probing the matter.
The court had warned it against seeking more time. The bench had also warned the central government and the investigating agency on Jan 19 this year on their inability to provide concrete answer on the MP's citizenship.
Subba had said that he was born in Dadgram village in Darjeeling district of West Bengal and his parents had migrated from Singtam village in Sikkim.
Singh had alleged in his petition that Subba has changed his name from Mani Raj Limbo to Mani Kumar Subba after leaving Nepal.
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Taekwondo gold for Sikkim

Gangtok: Four medals, including two gold, were won by four of the 16-member Sikkim team that participated in the 27th National Junior Taekwondo Championship 2007 held at Jawharlal Nehru National Multipurpose Indoor Stadium, Margao, Goa, from December 7 to 9.
Phurba Sherpa (in junior boys) and Sabina Sundas (in junior girls) won gold, while Edna Rai and Binny Tamang won silver and bronze medals respectively, informed the chief coach of Sikkim team, Mr. Trilok Subba. He also informed that altogether 30 states participated in the championship.

http://www.sikkimreporter.com/Todays/Topstory.html
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Saturday, December 15, 2007

Through Spirituality


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gkezks eatqjh ,ae fo”o”kkUrh

Through Spirituality

rkfjd 18@11@2007 turk eutqjh&f”k”kq ,ae izLrqrh foHkkx

fl³rke ftYyk vLirky] flDde ljdkj xkUrksd AA

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lEiw.kZ cU/kqx.ka ueLdjkseha !!

1. gtwj gkeh lk³¡ NyeFkk³ fuoZkpu Ns= vUrZxr ,d vdq'ky ifjokjdk lEiw.kZ] dqlYrkdks dkeuk jk[kus] lQy ifjokjdk lEiw.kZ ifjokjdks rQZckV 'kqHk dkekeukg: fy,j ,d nqbZ fru cpug: gtqj &lE{k ;lSek ?kjdk gkezk Mk0 fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjhT;qekfFk jk[us vuqefr ek³ ;lSek ?kjdk vknZ.kh; izeq[k fpdhRlk vf/kdkrjh egksn; Mk0 ft ykek lkFkS vf/kdkjh lkfgok ekQZr vuqefr fynS] izLrqr xfjgNkS dh xr rk% 19@11@2007 lkseckj dk R;l “kqHk fnuek Mk0 fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjhT;qdks Evening Night Duty fFk,N] ;rk gkehpS vkQS vkQuS ?kjeS ;Lrks] R;Lrks Vsfyosjhr HkbZgkYN] iSlk ifu NSu xkMh ifu NSu] lYykg ifu feYnSu ;rk gkezk ckts] vkek ckckys r eykbZ vLirky dquh yxs fd yxsu~ Fkkg NSu\ l³xS ?kjdk lklqvkeklax r dfjou 10 cts lxS [kuk ][knk lEe ifu xoZorh fryk:ik Hka.Mkjh 21 o’kZ lk³NyeFkk³ ifr lqckl Hka.Mkjh firk ,oa llqjk fo”k.kqyky Hka.Mkjh 40 o’kZ lklq Jherh Qwyek;k Hka.Mkjh HkkbZ lqckl Hk.Mkjh] Ante Natal Care Card ek Mk0 lkgscys ys[ksdks 18@11@07 dks Expected date of delivery (Msfyojh rkjh[k) Hk, ifu iMsdsys nq[;ks ifu Hkfuu~ lcS vk&vkQuks yxuhek C;Lr Hk;kSa A vdLekr ysoj isu Hk,N vfu r Hk;ks dUrfotksd fd ukuh mYVk ijsdksys ifgyk&[kqVVk ifN lEiw.kZ “kfjj r vk;ks rj nSodks fnC;n`"Vh vfruS fr{.k ,ao vdSZ J`"Vhdks n`"Vh iks fFk;ks fd ftYyk vLirky flaxrkeek vkQSa cU/kd Hk,ifu f'k”kq ,ao iz”kqfr foHkkx bZUpktZ Mk0 fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjhT;qdks le{k lEkZi.k f'kok; fodYi Hk,u HkkX;dks] fonEouk] dlys dlykbZ fdu dljh ;ks vo.kZuh;] vdYiuh; N] vr% Mk0 fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjhT;q foekjh fryk:ik Hk.MkjhykbZ gsuZ vkm¡nk vkm¡nS ysoj Vsoyys] ogk¡ykbZ ds dLrks ikj;ks f”ko:Ik ?kkj.k xjsj HkUu FkkYu Hk;ks fd ;ks foekjhdks lEkLr ifjokjx.k esjks ofjifjvkoks] vfu ogk¡dS lgdehZ ifjpkfjdkykbZ vkQSys gkrek xyksc yxk,j fn”kk funZ’k xnSZ vkQS Labour head Light dks equh clh ifgyk foekjhdks General Check Up ifN gkezks gsypsd;kbZ ,ao ykijokghys gkehys vkQuS ?kj vkxuek vkbZldsdks vdksZ iz”kkUr] HkkbZpq³] vferkHk] Hk.Mkjh] pkefyax] M+k0 Ykkek] M+k0 vf/kdkjh vusd ,ao bZR;knh bZR;knhdks v/;kRehDrkys Hk`.k gR;kkjk ,ao jktuSfrdrkys ifu ykiZokg ,ao gsypsd;kbZ f”k”kq ,ao izLrqrh foHkkxdk M+k0 vf/kdkjh lkgcys f'ko:Ikr /kkj.k xjsdks fFk;ks jkrks jkrks vuqgkj] Bwyk Bwyk vk¡[kkys ,ao f”kjek f”kjoUnh Vksihys r lk¡PpS egk :n Lo:IkuS Hkku gqUFk;ks ekukSa e`xykbZ ,d xk¡leS lfdfnUNq uh cslh r¡ eykbZ uftLdkgS Hkus tLrks :Ik ns[;kSa vkekdks R;ks lkuks ifo= okVksek vfM+,dks Vkm¡dksykbZ n{krkiw.kZ:iys uQwVkbZ] nkfgus gkrdks rtZuh e/;dks lkFk vuksfedk vfu v³xq"BkyspS fn"kkfuns'kxjs>S cks/k gqUFk;ksdk lkFkS 3 1/2 KG otudks ukfr fudkyh fnuq Hk;ks vfu HkUnk HkUnS gquq gqUFk;ks dM+ jkÅ<+ ifu fFk,N vfu R;lifN lkFkh (IyslsVk½ ifu lgtS fudkYuq Hk;ks] R;lifN lcSykbZ dkÅUlsyh³ v: foekjhykbZ ifu H;kkmnS 2 cts Ik'pkr vk,dks lcS bZetSUlh dslg:ykbZ cksykmu vkmus LokLFk; lgdehZykbZ mins”k}kjk ifjpkjhdkekQZr ry Hk[kjSZ flfDde ljdkjys tUekbZ fn,dks Trainee Cum Emergency Centre ykbZ ifu Hk;kmuq Hk;ks lkFk lkFkS gkehykbZ ,s0 ,su0 fl0 bZUVªkussVy] iksLVusVy okjs NYyZx iknSa ;ks ekfFk vaxzsthek of.kZr dFkk lkxjdks lkj ;ljh gkehykbZ HkUuq gqUN %

2. RCH Programme in India started in the year 1951 just after

the India Independence like

a) National Family Planning Programme in the year 1951-52.

b) Family Planning + Maternal Child Health in the year 1957 –

77.

c) Family Planning + Expended Programme of Immunization –

ICDS in the year 1978-79 (Beginning of the Immunization Programme in India.

d) Family Planning Programme : Family Welfare Programme

in the year 1975-76

e) Family Welfare Programme Universal Immunization

Programme in the year 1985 – 86.

f) Family Welfare Programme – Child Survival Safe Motherhood Programme in the year 1992-93.

g) Finally the Programme is again reincarnated into programme called Reproductive Child Health Programme been launched in the year 15th October, 1997 during the Nurshima Rao Govt. as a Prime Minister which is still continuing all over India (including Sikkim).

As per Dr. D. P. Adhikari RCH programme in India is not new and India is the first country to adopt the Official Family Planning Programme in the year 1951 to reduce the Birth Rate to a level as per the requirement of the national economy at present with 2.4% of the world’s land area 7th in London and population second to China in population over production progress, (Danger to the National economy to combaced), Substantial achievements have been made in this direction by reducing Birth Rate of 40.8 % during 1951 to 27.2 in 1997. IMR was reduced from 147 in 1951 to 71 in 1997. Similarly, life expectancy has gone up from 37 yrs to 63 years as per current estimates.

Fertility rate of 6 in 1951 has come down to 3.5 in 1995, like this, though the achievements are significant in this direction still the Indian population is increasing by about 16 million every year. Our target is to achieve the replacement level of a TFR (Total Fertility Rate ) of 2.1% by 2026 at all India level for stabilizing the global population.

BY FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME

AIM :

· HEALTH FOR ALL BY 2000 AD :

Ø Is to provide people of India and that of the world through

PHC services by 2000 AD

Ø Programme was accepted by India and other countries of

the world in WHO at ALMA ATTA declaration

( USSR in 1978).

COMPONENTS ESSENTIALS OF PHC( HEALTH FOR ALL)

(1) MCH now called RCH care and contraception (F.P)

(2) Mother’s immunization (against tetanus) and

(3) Infant’s immunization against six major killer diseases.

Ø BCG injection 0.1ml intradarmally against six major killer diseases , our left arm deltoid region at birth, 1st week or one month of infants to protect child from childhood TB and tuberculous- Mennijitis.

Ø Opv First dose inj + DPT -1=1ml (lateral aspect of thigh) at 6th weeks (2nd months).

Ø Opv- Second dose , inj +DPT-2 at 10th week (3rd month)

Ø Opv- Third dose, inj + DPT -3 at 14th week (4th month)

Ø Injection measles (subcutaneousl) - .5ml on infant’s arm or lateral aspect of mid thigh at- 9th month.

CHILDREN

Ø Opv (Booster), injection +DPT (booster) = 16 to 24 months

Ø Injection DT (2nd dose of DT should be given at interval of one months if there is no DPT injection at 5-6years.

Ø Injection tetanus toxoid subcut. at 10-16yrs. 2nd dose is given 1month against if there is no DPT or DT or TT given.

FOR PREGNANT WOMEN

Ø Injection tetanus oxoid 2 doses or booster doses from 16-36 weeks.

Ø Success of BCG vaccinations : Normal reaction is papule, (small circumscribed solid elevated lesion of skin)

Ø Vesicle (small circumscribed elevated area of epidermis with (serous fluid)

AND

Ø Pustule (small elevated circumscribed. pus containing lesion of skin) within 6-8 weeks.

Ø Pustule may burst over the skin and finally heal by white scar.

Ø Infant not showing this white scar within 3-4 months of BCG vaccination is Revaccinated.

Ø Standard 3 doses of 0.5 ml (2 drops ) are dropped on back of the tongue of infants from a dropper attached and polio containing vial.

Ø Minimum 3 doses brings protection against polio paralysis, breast feeding isn’t withheld if infant becomes sick after 1st dose, 2nd dose, if given when baby becomes fit.

Ø Generally 1st dose of polio is given on 2nd month , 2nd doses -3rd month, 3rd doses – 4th month of baby, Can be given earlier at 0.7 days. So, PPI is to achieve 100% coverage at the National level. No single child is left.

3. Protection of Food Supply : Proper Nutrition :-

* 10 kg mothers weight is aimed during pregnancy by taking

the following given items : -

* ADEQUATE CHAPATTI ( WHEAT ROTTIES)

* RICE

* DAL

* VEGETABLES

* FRUITS

* Mill & boiled Water to get three Kg baby.

* Hospital personal assumes that Husband is the father or partner of the wife’s RCH care rj gkeh ;ks ekfFk Mk0 fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjhT;qdks }kjk Hkfu,dks rRoykbZ dfrdks vuqHko j vuqdj.k ,ao vuqlj.k xfjjgsNkS] R;ks RRkodks lR;pS rkfjd 19@11@2007 lkseckj 2 cts ogk¡dks csyqdh dks (Evening Night Duty) ekQZr gkehys vkQuks gsYFkpsØjkbZ ,aoe ykijokfgdks laftouh:ih eatqjh cU/kqg:ykbZ fn jgsNkSa A

4. Adequate supply of safe drinking water, personal hygiene and basic sanitation.

5. Health education to people on RCH care. (IEC)

6. Prevention & control of locally endemic diseases like TB, scabies, RTI, STI, UTI (STD),WI, malaria, leprosy, filarial, goiter etc.

7. Appropriate treatment of communicable disease & injuries.

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH CARE (MCH)

Infant Immunization & contraception is the essential component of PHC or primary health care MCH care programme covers including promotion of pre-pregnancy better health.

1. Antenatal ( ANC care )

2. Intranatal ( Delivery Care)

3. Postnatal ( Post Delivery care)

4. Infant Care ( Immunization, Breast feeding, Oral re-hydration

Salt care ( uqu] fpuh] ikuh ) for diarrhoeal diseases

5. Contraception ( Family Planning care ) MTP ( Maternal

TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY :

Ø All above components of RCH care ensures Child Survival & Safe motherhood (CSSM)

MCH CARE HAS TWO Important COMPONENTS.

6. Quality Health educating to couple community & Community.

7. Quality services to women during pregnancy, childbirth, post child birth care & Neonatal care.

8. Reproductive Health program was given to the world community at ICPD meeting at Cairo 1994 for Human Development in India Child component is added thus, this RCH Programme becomes extended MCH (maternal child health care) or Family welfare programme or child survival safe motherhood programme covering packages are :-

(A)PREPODUCTIVE YEARS – Health care of adolescent girl including safe age of the marriage above 18 yrs. and care of teenage pregnancy and prevention of general health care including STD/AIDS from near Health care centres. Govt. of India and Govt. of Sikkim and kindly following the above components indivisibly positively.

(B) REPRODUCTIVE YEARS

(1) Contraception: Widely available Family Planning services to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

(2) Legal abortion (MTP) (Facilities for safe abortion and unwanted pregnancies.

(3) Effective material care to insure safe motherhood and child survival.

(4) Effective nutritional education to all and services to vulnerable groupes.

(5) Services to promote child survival

(6) Prevention and treatment of Gynecological problems i.e. menstrual disorders or infertility.

III POST REPRODUCTIVE YEARS

1. Prevention and care of genital prolapse.

2. Education on Menopause

3. Screening and treatment of cancers :

a. Cervical cancer

b. Breast cancer

c. Colon Cance

d. Throat Cancer

e. Brain Cancer and

f. May be whole body cancer screening.

Community participation in RCH Programme and acceptance of target free approach (contraception) Is the bottom up programme.

GOALS (CSSM : CHILD SURVIVAL AND SAFE MOTHERHOOD)

1. Quality life of mother through safe reproductive Health care

& education.

2. Healthy Child to mother & its healthy development

PILLARS OF CSSM PROGRAMME.

Pre-reproductive Years :

1. Meeting Health needs of adolescent girls

2. Raising age of Girl marriage beyond 18 years to 21 years

3. Women empowerment.

Reproductive Years

1. Providing Family planning services: Educate to all couples to have 1-2 child family during 20-45 years age of whole women reproductive life.

2. Every pregnancy is planned by choice through spirituality but not by chance or random iris-responsibility.

3. Providing universally quality, ANC, 80% delivery to institution by train Dhai’s for 100%. Safe delivery

MMR ( Maternal Motarlity Rate) to reduce below 100 / lakhs life birth level which are the National Social demographic goals by 2010 AD.

Referring all high risk pregnancies to 1st RC ( Referral Centre) or STNM/ CRH/AIIMS.

Five cleans during delivery. like .

a. Clean Hand

b. Clean Hand and Clean labour table.

c. Clean blade or Instruments for cutting cord during delivery.

d. Clean thread to tied cut cord.

e. Clean environment.

LOW RISK PREGNANCY ACCOUNTS 60% AND HIGH RISK ACCOUNTS FOR 40% IN INDIA AND GLOBALLY. .

HIGH RISK PREGNECIES ARE .

1. Maternal Height below 145 cm ( 4’- 10”)

2. Grant Multipara: more than 4 viable pregnancy.

3. Teenage Prey ( 0-19) years and at are above 35 years.

4. Bad obstritical H/o ( History) still birth, repetitive Pregnancy Cases, previous sciessirion section and operative procedure.

5. Mal presentation and Twin Pregnancy also unengaged head in primi pregnancy .

6. Hemorrhages in pregnancy.

7. Anemia, diabetisem, Heart diseases and other medicals during her pregnancy.

8. High B.P. at and above 140/90 mmhg. Previous / present, any convulsive disorder ( during pregnancies )

9. Intra uterine growth restricted baby and Post dated. Regencies in RH -ve women, foetal malformation.

10. Un-planned pregnancy, Seeking MTP (Maternal termination of pregnancy.

Bqyk Bqyk] ,ao Li"B “kCng:ys xnkZ [ksjh rdfjou 16&18 tuleqg] ;wok ckcq] vkek] ,ao 3 tuk csMek vkjeys lqrsjS mT;kyks eqgkjys ekukS fxrk ikB lqfujgsdks>S ;l fupksM+ykbZ lqUnFks vfu Nksjkdks fo;ksxys nqf[kr vkekykbZ ifu lkUrkouk fnanS ;lks HkUuq Hk;ks %&

d- cM+nks tu”ka[;k MjykXnks lEL;k gquxbZ jgsN] vc r gkeh tu la[;kdS r nkslzks uEojek NkS] ifgyk pkbZuk N j tc lEe gkeh lCkS jk"Vªh;Lrjdks MseksxzkQh Qj MMR( Maternal Motility Rate) =1 dks Yk{;ek dfVCn/k gqnSukS rc lEe czgek.M+] jk"Vªh; ,ao gkezks flfDde jkT;ys ifu ;l tu la[;kdks Tokykeq[khckV ck¡pu dfBu iNZ, ifjjgsN j ;ks Yk{; MMR=1 dk [kkfrj Hkkjr ljdkjys 1983 lkyek ,mVk furhjkt r;kj xjsdks fFk;ks fd 1996 lky lEe MMR = 1 rj ;lykbZ Qsjh 2006 lEedks fufEr oM+kbz,dks fFk;ks Qsjh jk"Vªh; Lrjdk tula[;k fo”ks"k”kx; HkUNu~ fd tc lEe 60 % of eligible couple (;ksX; nkeirh½ ys iq.kZ:iys ifjokj fu;kstudks iq.; dk;Zek gkr feykmNu~ vfu mfg gkezks Hkkjrdks ;ks fo"k;&lqfp pS MMR=1 vfu gkezks Hkkjrdks MMR=1 HkUuqdks vdksZ:ipS ek= 1-48 (1981½ N] vfu MMR=1 HkUuqdks vdksZ:ipS rikbZ gkehys gkeh nqbZdks iDdk ifjokj dk;e xuqZgqUN A ;fn MMR pS ,d HkUnk ifu de Hk, HkUu lfdUN fd tula[;kdks iqujmRiknu js[kk ifjiqrhZHkUnk de gqu tkUN A tu la[;k fo”ks"k”kx; HkUNu~ gkezks tu la[;k dks es:n.MpS Late Expanding ekuS N A tlek e`R;qnj /kVnS /kVnS tkUN A tcdh tUehus nj /kVu ek= [kksaPN] ;lek tu la[;k cfM+uS jgUN fdudh eqR;q HkUnk thou tUesdks la[;k cslhuS HkbZ fnUN] vUrksxRok vc gkehys gkehnqbZ = nqbZ ykbZ bye bye xnsZ gkehnqbZ gkezk ,duS vusdkSdks vkRek lkFkrkys ek= Hkkjr ,ao flfDde ljdkjykbZ lkFk fnbZ] fo”ko&czgek.M+] jk"Vªh; ,ao jkT; Lrjek vkQuks lkthnkjh Lo:i lcqr xokg gks vfu gkezks flfDdeykbZ jke jkT; ,ao lwbZtjykbZUMdks egkebZe eq[; ea=hdks liuk ,ao ogk¡dks lEeLr ea=he.Myx.kdks clq/kSo dqVqEc ,ao fo'ko “kkfUr LFkkiukdks vkRe cks/kys iDdk ifduS Mk0 fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjhT;q }kjk jfpr] of.kZr ,ao jatks reksxq.keqDr lr fpRr vkuUn lfpnkuUn dks ije vkuUnys 19@11@2007 lkseokjdks ;l ve`r iq.; frfFkykbZuS dyh;qxdks vUr ,ao lR; ;qxdks jke jkT; liukdks vkxeuykbZ lEkLr oU/kqxu }kjk vkRelkFk xfjfnus lfou; iqdkj ,ao vuqjks/k ;l eap}kjk xuqZ gqUN A ogk¡ys ;l le;dks vUrdks lR; fimuq uS ;l vktdks ;qxdks gtqjg:dks vkRekKku ,oa fo”o pjkpj muS ijeijes”oj ije iqT; dqynsork] bZ"Vnsork] xzke nsorkdk lkFkS HkUuq gks Hkus

TO LOVE NATURE IS TO LOVE GOD

I SAY LOOK NATURAL

LOVE NATURAL

BE NATURAL

TELL NATURAL

DO NATURAL

EAT NATURAL

LIVE NATURAL

AND FINALLY GO

NATURAL TO OUR HOME & OTHERS WILL COME NATURAL

WELL FOLLOW NATURAL

WILL BE NATURAL

AND THEN WILL BE NATURE

NATURAL AND THERE WILL NOT BE ANY UNNATURAL

FINALLY I APPEAL TO ALL MY UNIVERSAL NATURAL PLEASE FOLLOW SPIRITUAL TO MADE ITSELF PEACE UNIVERSAL

THROUGH GOAL OF THE WORLD

LEADER WHO ARE PURELY NATURAL NOT BY TODAY’S NATURAL

NATURAL AGAIN WILL TURN INTO UNNATURAL

SO PLEASE FOLLOW MY SINCERE NATURAL APPEAL FOR GLOBAL PEACE THROUGH SPIRITUALITY

dk lkFk lkFkS ogk¡ leLr dqy nsork bZ"Vnsork] xzke nsorkdk vkRrek lkFkS M+k fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjh T;w HkUuq gqUN A ;l lftyS cq>ulfdus ldu [kksTus pkgus ,ao cq>u upkgus ;ks lkxj ,ao fo”o “kkfUrdks eSys ;lS 19@11@2007 dks ve`r lkseokjdks fnu ykbZ uS ekus esjks lefo/kku&lkxjdks xkBks vkRe lkFk xnsZ xfjfnus fouez vuqjks/kxnsZ ogk¡ vdksZ cqgkjhykbZ gsuZ God Bless You HkUnS tkuq Hk;ks A

jke jkT;dks,d nqbZ gqu ldyku] ekQZr turk iqdkj lk;n iq.kZ gqu lDN A

gtqjdks fo”oklh

lk³NyFkk³ dk ldq'ky lifjokjdk lEiw.kZ lnL;x.k A

fryk:ik Hka.Mkjh 21 o’kZ lk³NyeFkk³ ( xoZorh efgyk tldks 3 1/2 kg dks Nksjk Vkmdks vM+dsj uky csfj,j Breeze Presentation ½

ifr lqckl Hka.Mkjh

firk ,oa llqjk fo”k.kqyky Hka.Mkjh

lklq Jerh Qwyek;k Hka.Mkjh

HkkbZ lqckl Hk.Mkjh

firk ,ao llqjk fo”.kqyky Hk.Mkjh 40 lky lklq Jherh Qwyek;k Hk.MkjhykbZ

ekQZr

M+k fM0 ih0 “kekZ vf/kdkjh

firk euksjFk vf/kdkjh

ekrk pUnz dyk vf/kdkjh

Incharge Maternity

Incharge STD

District Singtam Hospital

Gangtok, East Sikkim

19/11/2007

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SHITAL PRADHAN
C/O LN PRADHAN
SHANTINAGAR, SINGTAM
SIKKIM- 737134
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When i started my blog on Sikkim way back in 2007, i had it clear on my mind that this blog shall help people look out for knowledge on Sikkim. I always wanted a knowledge house about Sikkim, its past, present and future. I do not know over the years how much did i succeed but my determination to let other understand my Sikkim is always giving me a push. with regards Shital Pradhan (himalayanreview@gmail.com)

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