Monday, December 10, 2007

Primary school attendance by state in India

The average primary school net attendance rate in India is 83 percent according to data from a Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted in 2005 and 2006. However, the national average hides considerable regional variation in primary school attendance. India is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories. With the DHS data it is possible to calculate the primary school NAR in 29 states and territories, shown in the map and table below.

Primary school attendance in India by state and territory, 2006
Map showing primary school attendance in India by state and territory, 2006
Data source: India DHS 2005-06

The states with the highest primary school net attendance rates, between 98 and 99 percent, are Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. In these states, virtually all children of primary school age are in school. Six other states also have primary NAR values above 90 percent: Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Mizoram, and Uttarakhand. In fifteen states and territories the primary NAR is between 80 and 90 percent.

In six states, fewer than four out of five children of primary school age are in school: Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Sikkim. By far the lowest primary school attendance rates are observed in Bihar (59 percent) and Meghalaya (60 percent), two of the poorest and economically least developed states of India.

Primary school attendance in India by state and territory, 2006

State or Territory Primary NAR (%) State or Territory Primary NAR (%)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Lakshadweep -
Andhra Pradesh 89.2 Madhya Pradesh 81.0
Arunachal Pradesh 67.3 Maharashtra 91.7
Assam 91.1 Manipur 80.3
Bihar 58.5 Meghalaya 60.4
Chandigarh - Mizoram 91.8
Chhattisgarh 86.5 Nagaland 71.9
Dadra and Nagar Haveli - Orissa 86.8
Daman and Diu - Puducherry -
Delhi 89.9 Punjab 89.1
Goa 94.1 Rajasthan 81.0
Gujarat 91.1 Sikkim 77.6
Haryana 87.6 Tamil Nadu 98.5
Himachal Pradesh 97.8 Tripura 89.6
Jammu and Kashmir 86.7 Uttar Pradesh 81.4
Jharkhand 72.1 Uttarakhand 93.4
Karnataka 88.5 West Bengal 85.1
Kerala 98.1 India 83.3
Data source: India DHS 2005-06

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Friedrich Huebler, 9 December 2007, Creative Commons License
Permanent URL: http://huebler.blogspot.com/2007/12/primary-school-attendance-by-state-in.html