Nepal-Bhutan Relations: A study of its past
The two SAARC member countries,
Nawang Namgyal, by conquering some influential feudal and Lama Sects, completed the work of unifying
Dharmaraja, the spiritual ruler, and Devraja, the temporal ruler. It is since this time that
After Nepal-Tibet war in 1855 AD (VS 19 12), an officer of Bhutanese Dharmaraja, namely Da-Pon wrote a petition to Prime Minister Jung Bahadur of
According to the Bhutanese source, the first Dharmaraja Syawadung Nawang Namgyal himself visited the Kathmandu valley and took with him 40/50 Gorkha families to
As Ram Shah's Political administration influenced the Bhutanese; the Gorkhalis were also greatly influenced by the Tantrik knowledge of the Lamas of Bhutan. Thus these two regimes came into close contact and established a good relationship.
According to the Bhutanese history,
In 1640AD the Bhutanese Dharmaraja, Nawang Namgyal, visited Gorkha when Dambar Shah was in power. On his visit, he took some Gorkhali families to
Again during the reign of Narabhupal Shah (c.1716-1743 AD), some of the gompas and land belonging to the gompas were bestowed upon Dharmaraja. During his reign, beside the cultural and religious relations, both the countries had political ties as well. The Tamrapatra of 174 1 AD, issued to a popular Lama (known as Lhopa Lama) providing Nagathali Gompa and a vast tract of land around it, supports the Nepal-Bhutan relations.The inscriptions mention that prior to this much land and property were provided to Dharma Lama (Tsyong Lama) as kusa birta by issuing Tamrapatra. According to the Bhasa Vamsavali, Narabhupal Shah, being childless, invited Dharmaraja to
Since the reign of Drabya Shah, the Gorkha rulers had to face frequent wars with the Barpaki Bhutia rulers at the boundary between these two states. Bhasa Vamsavali narrates that Ram Shah and Narabhupal Shah fought battles with Tibet and the Gorkha army being victorious over Kyi-Ron went up to Kukuraghata and thus because of the enmity with Tibet, Bhutan might have good relationships with Gorkha.
Thus the existence of Bouddha Gompas in the northern belt of Gorkha, the settlement of Buddhists of the Tibetan origin, the schooling of Nawang Namgyal at Swayambhu and the Tibet-Bhutan and Tibet-Gorkhaenmity brought both
Very similar to
The famous Gopal Raja Vamsavali mentions that
Since the 17th century, the Nepalese artisans began to enter Thimpu and Punakha
Once an illustrious Lama from
During the reign of Sen Kings in
Centuries old Gorkha-Bhutan relations were widely extended during the reign of Great King Prithivi Narayan Shah.
Following the deal Prithivi Narayan Shah provided 6 gompas and their land as Dan Birta and retained the authority of Bhutanese Dharmaraja over all the gompas and land provided to them by his ancestors and the kings of the valley as well. Altogether 12 Ghyangs (gompas) were given to the Bhutanese and were retained from time to time by Shah Kings till the later period. Although all these gompas cannot be recognized now, Charikota, Nagathali, Yolmo, Nagare, Teri, Lichyakhu, Humi, Chiran-cha, Yate, Thate are some of the Gompas among them. Before the unification ofNepal,
queen Rajendra Laxmi performed Tantrik commencement for blessing long life of the two year- old King Rana Bahadur Shah. Pleased with his performance, Nepal Darbar provided land in gift at Sinduri and Chene. Similarly, Prince Bahadur Shah also had good relations with the Bhutanese Lama Tanjin Dugyal. Bahadur Shah invited him to
Similarly, it is also stated that the renovation of Swayambhu Chaitya was done by Dukpa Lamas. In July of 1817 AD (VS 1874) Lama Senge-Nor-bu arrived
Nepal-Bhutan friendship was cordial upto the beginning of Rana regime. But in 1855 AD (VS 1912) when Janga Bahadur Rana was in power,
While discussing Bhutan-Nepal relations, the currency of Nepalese coins in
Similarly, the historical system of communications between these two countries cannot be ignored. Under the procuracy of Bhimsen Thapa there existed a postal service between Kathmandu and
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